タイトル： Macroeconomic Effects of Global Policy and Financial Risks
Globalization has brought larger spillovers of global risks across borders since the 2000s.
Specifically, global policy risk has sharply increased due to policy uncertainty in major countries
in the recent decade, as seen in Brexit, US-China trade friction, and the COVID-19 pandemic.
This paper empirically investigates the effects of both global policy risk and global financial risk
on macroeconomy and financial markets in eight major countries from January 1997 to June 2020.
We employed a Vector Autoregressive (VAR) framework to obtain interesting empirical results.
First, global risks have recessionary effects on the macroeconomy, reducing production,
deteriorating employment, lowering long-term interest rates, depressing prices, and reducing
global trade. Second, global risks also have recessionary effects on financial markets, reducing
stock prices, appreciating safe-haven currencies, and depreciating the other currencies. Third, the
macroeconomies and the financial markets respond to global financial risk more significantly than
global policy risk. Fourth, the recessionary effects of global risks vary depending on countries.
Keywords: global policy risk, global financial risk, macroeconomic effects, exchange rate, VAR
JEL classification: E66, F31, G18